Excessive Position-Fixing Intervals Challenge Safety
Excessive on board position-fixing intervals have been a contributory factor in some recent costly claims.
In one case, a laden bulk carrier grounded on a shoal, in circumstances where a previous inaccurate dead-reckoning plot was not detected in time. Although there were several contributory factors to the grounding, the club says that, if a more appropriate position-fixing interval had been employed, it is likely that the discrepancy between the erroneous dead-reckoning plot and the ship’s subsequently plotted position would have been observed in time to correct the situation and execute the course alteration safely.
In another case, a ship proceeding in a ballasted condition between two small islands was unexpectedly affected by a strong current, and grounded half-a-mile to port of track before the next fix was plotted. The ship was not employing parallel indexing, thus denying the officer of the watch two methods of detecting its heavy set to port.
Excessive position-fixing intervals can lead to the officer of the watch not detecting an error in navigation. Club inspectors continue to note a lack of guidance in passage plans for the frequency of position-fixing necessary on individual legs of each voyage. This is often accompanied by excessive intervals in closer proximity to land on inbound voyage charts. Naturally, every passage is different, but it is recommended that the passage planning stage considers the appropriate fixing intervals and provides guidance to the officer of the watch.
Carl Durow is Loss Prevention Manager for The London P&I Club.
The opinions expressed herein are the author's and not necessarily those of The Maritime Executive.