Allan McDougall

hkling@example.org

Allan McDougall BA BMASc PCIP CMAS CISSP CPP PSP CMSP is the Chief Learning Officer of the IAMSP and an Executive Vice President of Knowledge Advancement Solutions based in Ottawa, Canada. In addition to his military experience, he has served as a security advisor with Canada's Coast Guard, Department of Fisheries and Oceans and Canada Border Services Agency. He was also previously a Senior Inspector with Transport Canada's Marine Security Operations (Ports, Marine Facilities as a Marine Security Duty Inspector) and has coauthored several works associated with Critical Infrastructure Protection and Emergency Preparedness.

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Cybersecurity and Automated Shipping

By Allan McDougall 2018-03-29 16:50:00

It seems pretty clear that automated shipping, in some form, is on the way. Driven by costs and industry, there is little doubt that regulators, already significantly in “catch-up” mode will be put in a position to find a way to make it work. The question still needs to be asked as to what form this is going to take. Shipping, as this audience is well aware, is one that is both highly regulated and faces a heavy administrative burden....

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Unmanned Ships: Complexity in Jurisdictions

By Allan McDougall 2018-01-15 16:57:26

In this fifth segment dealing with autonomous shipping, we step back from the fully autonomous ship (i.e. one directed solely by electronics and with no human inputs) to those that are directed remotely. I was recently asked whether I believed that this approach would erode the authority of the master of the vessel. While I can only respond with an answer based on my beliefs (I am not a lawyer, nor do I profess to being one), I believe that...

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Responding to Cyber Vulnerability Announcements

By Allan McDougall 2018-01-05 17:36:01

While there have been many discussions regarding vulnerabilities within the cybersecurity domain over the past year, the rise of autonomous shipping (or unmanned shipping) raises another important issue. This involves how vulnerabilities are made public and whether (or not) there should be a legally-accepted standard of care clearly defined with respect to that disclosure. Three major challenges have traditionally presented themselves in discussions surrounding this question. First, if the company is advised that they have a significant vulnerability, are they...

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Security and Safety for Autonomous Ships

By Allan McDougall 2017-12-12 12:30:27

This third article in a series on practical considerations for autonomous ships examines an important distinction between safety and security programs. The core difference is that a safety hazard does not have intent. It is often the product of physical conditions or flawed operational decisions. Security threats, on the other hand, act with intent. Security threats will have observed their targets, chosen their opportunities, planned their activities and will conduct them in such a way that they have the best opportunity...

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Automated Ships - Questions Regarding Security Clearances

By Allan McDougall 2017-11-23 17:50:40

There are important questions that arise from the concept of autonomous ships. This is not to say that automation is wrong-headed, evil or negligent – but we need to put those questions out into the wider community so that as we work to realize certain benefits, we do not do so in a way that exposes the industry and the communities it supports at greater risk. The first aspect is that automation in this context is very closely linked with...

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Autonomous Shipping Raises Legal Concerns

By Allan McDougall 2017-11-20 21:43:18

While the UK Shipping Register has included its first autonomous vessel, there are several gaps that need to be addressed before such technology becomes widespread and moves into the international domain. This issue involves several complex relationships. On the shipping side of the equation, there is the complex commercial interaction of the owner, operator, various management companies, insurers, brokers, agents, and crews (and more). On the regulatory side, the issue is somewhat clearer but generally involves inspectors (having limited enforcement,...

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