The objective of this report to provide a detailed description of the existing rule framework related to LNG bunkering. This report provides recommendations for possible common EU wide guidelines for bunkering LNG as ship fuel.
Stringent international regulations on air emissions are forcing the shipping industry to rethink its fueling options. The IMO's Marine Environmental Protection Committee has introduced emission controls which will increasingly affect international shipping over the next decade. The introduction of Emission Control Areas (ECAs) in European, U.S. and Canadian territorial waters means that ship owners must begin to consider alternatives to traditional heavy fuel oil. One possible solution is the switch to LNG as ship fuel.
Due to the significant number of activities within the field of rule development for gas as ship fuel and bunkering of LNG, the objective of this report is to provide a detailed description of the existing rule framework related to LNG bunkering. Through a gap analysis missing and forseeable lack of rules for bunkering of LNG and related aspects are identified. This report will also provide recommendations for possible common EU wide guidelines for bunkering LNG as ship fuel.